Testosterone – androgen, which is produced in large quantities in the male body and in small numbers in the female. This hormone is responsible for the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, male fertility, and its deficiency leads to serious changes in the body.
If a patient has a testosterone deficiency as a result of tests, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate drug. Testosterone can be used in the form of tablets, injections, and also externally. For external use, there are special patches with testosterone, as well as testosterone gel. Consider when and how to apply the cream with testosterone to men and women.
MODE OF APPLICATION
Transdermal gel is applied a thin layer on clean, dry skin once a day (preferably in the morning), usually in the area of the shoulder, shoulder, or abdomen (Figure 2). You should let the gel dry before dressing. Do not apply the drug to the genitals because of the possible irritating effects of alcohol. After Androgel application, it is not recommended to shower or swim, and to have sexual contact within 5 hours, necessary for complete absorption of testosterone from the skin surface, to reduce the likelihood of transmission.
On the third day of the gel application, it is recommended to conduct a daily test for the content of testosterone in the blood. If the indicator is elevated, then the dose adjustment is done in a smaller direction. If it has insufficient value, then a gradual (by 2.5 mg) dose increase is made, but in any case it should not exceed the use of 10 mg per knock.
After applying the gel, do not take a shower, visit the pool, sauna or sauna, and also have sexual relations within the next five hours. This time interval must be maintained so that the gel is completely absorbed, as well as to prevent accidental transmission through the body contact.
The independent use of Androgel, as well as other hormonal drugs, is fraught with the manifestation of undesirable side effects, the emergence of negative reactions from the body, which are difficult enough to eliminate. Therefore, the key to effective therapy will be the administration of the drug and the determination of the individual dose of use only by the attending physician.
1 g of Androgel contains 10 mg of testosterone. Androgel is released in portions of 2.5 and 5 g, which contain 25 and 50 mg of testosterone, respectively. But only a small part (about 10%) of the drug applied to the skin, will enter the systemic bloodstream and have a biological effect. The minimum and maximum values of Androgel doses are 2.5 and 10 g per day. Usually, a dose of 5 g of testosterone gel per day is recommended. The dosage of the drug is established by the doctor on the basis of the hormonal background of the man and the course of the clinical symptoms of androgen deficiency. Correction of the dosing regimen should be carried out stepwise, 2.5 g per day.
- The most frequent: local reactions (including skin irritation), erythema, acne, dry skin.
- From the genitourinary and endocrine system: changes in the prostate gland, gynecomastia, mastodynia.
- From the side of the nervous system: headache, dizziness, paresthesia, amnesia, hyperesthesia, emotional lability.
- From the CCC: an increase in blood pressure.
- From the digestive system: diarrhea.
- From the skin: alopecia.
- Other: polycythemia, hypolipidemia, headache.
- When appointing high doses of Androgel: irritability, nervousness, weight gain, prolonged or frequent erections.
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